The Syria conflict has triggered the world's largest humanitarian crisis since the World War II. Humanitarian needs continue to climb up, population displacements are increasing, and an entire generation of children is being exposed to war and violence, increasingly deprived of basic services, education and protection. The total number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria has reached 13.5 million, approximately 6.5 million of whom are internally displaced. During the on-going internal war in Syria, insecurity, violence and collapsed infrastructure forced Syrian people to flee from their home. Around 4.8 million of Syrian people fled to neighbouring countries, with women and children making up three-quarters of the refugee population.
As a result, countries that have borders with Syria reached a dangerous saturation point, particularly Lebanon, which hosts almost 1.1 million Syria refugees and has, along with Jordan, the largest per capita refugee population in the world. Turkey is currently hosting more than 2.7 million Syrian refugees, the largest number of Syrian refugees hosted in one country in the world. Providing the basic humanitarian services to such a huge number of refugees is not an easy task for any country in the world. Millions of Syrian refugees still remain in need of food and safe drinking water, non-food items, shelter, emergency medical treatments and protection.
This report has been prepared with a view to providing the most recent information on the current state of refugees in the neighbouring countries and challenges faced by host communities. By benefiting from the views and observations shared by the experts, the report provides several policy recommendations on how to improve the conditions for refugees, local communities and public authorities to face the humanitarian needs of these millions of refugees. It is indeed critical to take more concrete actions in restoring dignity of Syrian people at a time when the prospects for resolution of conflict are only gloomy.
Online Electronic Version
Humanitarian Needs of Syrian Refugees: Challenges of the Neighbouring Countries 2016 (English)